Neuromodulation includes treatments that involve stimulation or administration of medications directly to the body’s nervous system for therapeutic purposes. The target neurons for stimulation include those in the central and peripheral nervous systems, the autonomic nervous system, and the deep cell nuclei of the brain, resulting in modulation of their activity. Neuromodulation includes several modalities, and is a cross-disciplinary approach to acute and chronic pain control and neurologic dysfunction. Neuromodulation can be used to treat movement disorders, spasticity, and epilepsy, as well as multiple pain syndromes.
Minimally invasive spine surgery
Spinal cord stimulation
Intrathecal Pain Management